Are VPNs Legal to Use?

With a VPN, you may preserve your anonymity, get around restricted access, bypass geo-blocked material, and much more. While VPNs are legal in the United States, the United Kingdom, and various other countries, many individuals use them to distribute pirated materials or commit other offenses. Want to know more about this? Then read our in-depth guide explaining everything about this topic.

Ben Grindlow

Ben Grindlow is the founder of ProXPN, a company that provides reviews about VPN products and services. Ben's interest in cybersecurity and privacy led him to start ProXPN, which has become one of the most well-respected VPN providers in the world. Ben is passionate about his work, and he is constantly exploring new ways to improve ProXPN's in-depth guides.

Last updated: 10:10AM 7/5/2022

ProXPN Expert Picks


Table of Contents

The legal state of a virtual private network at most times depends majorly on the country and the laws guiding the usage of the internet. Several consumer organizations even recommend a VPN because it allows you to use the internet more securely.

Without restriction VPNs are majorly used in some western countries, African countries, and so on. You can (with exceptions) use a VPN everywhere without any problems and legally.

Virtual private networks (VPN) can be used for different reasons, sometimes to hide your online identity, exchange data across public networks as if directly connected to a private network, etc.

The VPN legal services status depends mostly on the country and the country's laws. It can be illegal and banned in some countries.

Do VPNs Have a Bad Reputation?

Many people think there is something shadowy about VPNs. You could almost say that VPNs have a bad reputation.

It might be because VPNs can be used to download illegal content, which makes VPN's legal status questioned.

It is unjustified that VPNs have a bad reputation because, in most instances, internet service providers tend to have limitations and access blocked websites that can be accessed with a VPN.

One of the major reasons why some governments ban VPN services are major because they can be used for shady businesses and it makes it harder to track online activities.

Even large companies use a VPN connection purely for security and to protect online privacy, while individuals with personal VPNs use it to broaden their internet scope.

However, most VPN providers do not offer free services, and you have to pay monthly/annual fees to use these features.

In Which Countries is a VPN Illegal?

In several countries, using a VPN is illegal in most cases. These are countries where the government has an authoritarian policy and has restricted internet and press freedom.

Countries where the use of a VPN (for certain purposes) is not allowed:

  • China
  • Russia
  • Belarus
  • North Korea
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uganda
  • Iraq
  • Iran
  • United Arab Emirates (and Dubai)

Note:Ā There may be more countries where using a VPN is risky but may be formally legal. Therefore, before your trip, familiarize yourself with the local laws and regulations. For example, citizens in Oman are not allowed to use a VPN unless they have a special license.


You can use a VPN in China, but not if it bypasses the Chinese ‘Great Firewall,' which blocks websites like Facebook and YouTube.

Are you still using a VPN to reach blocked websites? Then you risk a fine. However, there are no known cases of tourists being prosecuted for using a VPN provider in China.


You can broadly compare the Russian government with the Chinese government regarding VPNs. A VPN is allowed, but not if you use the software to view censored or blocked web content. Russia cracks down on the use of VPNs used for illegal activities.

Russia passed a law in 2017 that prohibits VPN providers from evading internet censorship attempts. For example, the country blocks certain VPN services that are unwilling to cooperate with government rules.

United Arab Emirates (Dubai)

In Dubai and the rest of the United Arab Emirates, you are not allowed to hide your IP address by using blocked online services.

For example, in the country, it is not allowed to Skype or call via Whatsapp or Snapchat. Dating sites are also banned. Anyone who uses a VPN for this type of service and is caught risks a huge fine or jail time.

North Korea

In North Korea, you can only access the internet if you have special permission. North Koreans often have access to the national intranet, called Kwangmyong.

Tourists can use the local 3G network to access the internet, but some Western networks are probably blocked. We strongly advise against using a VPN.


Belarus is actively trying to counter the use of VPNs. Technologies that anonymize internet users are prohibited. Despite this, the use of Belarus VPNs remains popular.


Turkey is another story. Installing and using a VPN is completely legal. However, the Turkish government is concerned with (temporarily) blocking access to VPN servers. Especially in political unrest, Turkmenistan VPNs are liable to get blocked.

Is Using a VPN Always Legal?

Although VPNs are banned in some countries, many countries still allow the use of VPNs without restriction. There are things you can do with an illegal VPN. A good example is downloading or distributing copyrighted content.

It would help if you immediately thought of movies, series, and games that can be downloaded or streamed utilizing torrents via websites such as ThePirateBay or Popcorn Time.

Most of these services cannot be reached without VPN traffic because your internet service provider blocks them. You would normally have to pay for copyrighted content.

Countries Where VPN Usage is Legal

  • Armenia
  • Bolivia
  • Chad
  • Japan
  • Australia
  • United Kingdom
  • Canada


Are VPNs legal? Yes, they're legal in Armenia; they do not punish VPN users, and individuals and companies are free to use them with no restriction whatsoever. The VPN industry is likely to boom in countries like this as VPN laws are moderate.


VPN service connections are perfectly legal for private browsing with internet connection/public wi-fi to browse with online security and no restriction.

VPN illegal status in most countries adds to the mystery that enables people to get one so they can have access to sites or government prohibited internet activity.


Other countries prohibit VPN services based on national security, which they believe VPN technology can access without permission.

However, countries like this with high tech and moderate VPN laws see it as little or no threat, so VPN connections are allowed for personal VPN use with no legal issues involved.


Internet access without restricting VPN services.

United Kingdom

The use of the internet privately on unregistered VPN services is legal in the UK with the help of the internet provider without it being termed an illegal activity.

Countries that restrict VPNs or make VPNs legal based on laws tend to do so at times to prevent countries that permit them from accessing government secrets.

VPNs are legal in the United Kingdom with no restriction to any VPN company.

We Recommend Using a VPN Only for Downloading Legal Content

You risk a hefty claim or fine if you download or stream illegal content using a VPN in a country with a VPN ban.

Despite this, it is very difficult to detect and prosecute VPN users who download illegally. The simple reason is that most VPN providers don't keep customer logs, so VPN use can only be noticed if the phone is searched.

Top Recommended VPNĀ Apps


Internet freedom is one thing every internet user seeks, which is why free VPNs are quite popular to have access to internet privacy while using search engines like google chrome.

Bypassing censorship and protecting IP addresses helps buyers and sellers on the dark web remain anonymous; countries that have banned VPNs make it harder to use the VPN server.

In countries where VPNs illegally operate, there are punishments and fines for offenders, and they expect internet usage to be free from any form of illegal activity.

Frequently asked questions

The use of a Virtual Private Network (VPN) is completely legal in India, but there are certain instances when the government or local authorities have targeted individuals for doing so. It's better to verify for yourself rather than visit prohibited sites while utilizing a VPN.

Every country has its own stance on the legality of VPNs. Your VPN is a privacy tool that you are free to utilize as you see fit. While using a VPN is entirely legal, you should never engage in illegal behavior while doing so.

There are 10 countries that have banned VPNs, including China, Russia, Belarus, North Korea, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Iraq, Turkey, UAE, and Oman.

It's vital to note that VPNs are not the same as full-fledged anti-virus software. While they will encrypt your IP address and internet browsing history, that is all they can accomplish. They won't keep you safe, for example, if you go to phishing websites or download infected media.

Potential fraud behaviors. When you use a VPN, the VPN generates a new virtual IP address for each connection. Bank anti-fraud tools may identify new unknown IP addresses as possible fraud. Banks can also limit access from certain regions.

Protect your digital privacy and stay safe on the internet

Curious about our privacy experts' picks?